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Amritsar PDF Print E-mail


Distance From

New Delhi

450 Kms


235 Kms


216 kms


160 kms


29 kms

Amritsar, which literally means a pool of nectar, lies twenty kilometres east of the lndo-Pakistan border, is the Punjab state's second largest town. It was founded in 1577 by Ram Das, the fourth guru of the Sikhs. Here a tank was excavated and a temple was got built by the Fifth Guru, Guru Arjan Dev in its midst and a new city began to grow up round the sacred pool. The name Amritsar meaning 'Pool of Nectar', is named after the sacred pool around which the Sikh's Golden Temple is built. Sikhs from all over the world come to pay their reverence to Guru Granth Sahib and take a dip in the Amrit Saras Kund (Pool of Immortality) for spiritual purification is the major landmark of the place.

Amritsar lied at a distance of about 280 miles from Delhi and is only 16 miles from Wagha, the outpost of the Indo-Pakistan border.The city is an important regional market center for agricultural goods, woollens, spices and dry fruits and also the center for India's border security. Today it is India's important distribution centre of dry-fruits, tea (next only to Calcutta), of condiments and is a leading exporter of goods to the Middle East. Woollen tweeds, suitings, blankets, shawls in traditional weaves, ivory (now plastic) inlay furniture, swords of all designs, oils, scents, jutties (traditional embroidered shoes), cut-glass crockery, selective musical instruments, carpets are manufactured here almost in every bazaar. Its pickles, murabbas (Indian jams) and papads and warian and sweetmeats are exported to far off places, right into Punjabi Diaspora abroad. With a population of about 4,00,000 and a number of educational institutions, business markets, industrial concerns, banks, hotels parks and restaurants, Amritsar still remains the most important, the largest and, perhaps, the most picturesque city in the Punjab. Amritsar is also characterised by the hard working and warm-hearted people.

Amritsar has an extreme climate with very hot summers and very cold winters. Monsoon hits the city around the first week of July and brings average rainfall. The best time to visit Amritsar is between October and March.The best clothing for summer is cotton and for winter is woollen. Temperature usually ranges between 30 to 46 °C in summers and between 0 to 17 °C in winters.


Amritsar at a Glance




234 m




About Fifty percent


Hindi, Punjabi and English




Basic Information



30 to 46 °C


0 to 17 °C


July to September

Best Season

September to March

Rain Fall

59.2 cms.

Other Information

STD Code







Ajnala, Amritsar (2) Baba Bakala, Khadur Sahib, Patti,Tarn Taran


Goindwal Sahib, Jhabal, Khem Karan, Lopoke, Ramdas, Bhikhiwind, Chola Sahib, Majitha, Attari, Tarsikka

Development Blocks

Ajnala, Bhikhiwind, Chogawan, Chohla Sahib, Gandiwind Harsa Chhina, Jandiala Guru, Khadur Sahib, Majitha, Naushehra Pannuan Patti, Rayya, Tarn Taran, Tarsika, Valtoha, Verka


Wheat, Rice, Cotton, Sugarcane


Raja Sansi, International Airport