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FACTS ABOUT INDIAN STATE PUNJAB:

  • Capital : Chandigarh
  • Population : 27,704,236
  • Area : 50,362 Sq. Km.(Rank 19th)
  • Languages : Punjabi, Hindi
  • Neighbor Indian States : Himachal Pradesh, Haryana, Rajasthan, Jammu and Kashmir
  • Districts22 : (Amritsar, Barnala, Bathinda, Firozpur, Fazilka, Fatehgarh Sahib (Sirhind-Fategarh),
  • Faridkot, Gurdaspur, Hoshiarpur, Jalandhar, Kapurthala, Pathankot, Ludhiana, Mansa, Moga, Ajitgarh,Muktsar, Patiala, Rupnagar, Sangrur, Shaheed Bhagat Singh Nagar (Nawanshahr), Tarn Taran)
  • Major Cities : Ludhiana, Moga, Jalandhar, Nawanshahr, Amritsar, Patiala, Ajitgarh, Bathinda.
  • Major Rivers : Beas, Sutlej, Ravi, Chenab and Jhelum
  • Major Mountains : Himalaya
  • Major Tourist Places : Golden Temple, Jallianwala Bagh,Sheesh Mahal, Gurudwara Kiratpur Sahib,Gurudwara Anandpur Sahib, Wagah Border

 

                                                                                                     Download Punjabi/Gurmukhi Fonts

Punjab ( Punjabi : ਪੰਜਾਬ About this sound ( help · info ), Hindi : पंजाब) ( pronounced /pənˈdʒɑːb/)  is located in North-West of India at 35° Latitude and 74° Longitude, blessed with plain and fertile soil receiving an average annual rainfall of 503 mm.

Punj means five and aab means water, so Punjab means -the land of five rivers-. These five rivers that run through Punjab, originate from the various small lakes in Himalayas. If one were to go across the Punjab starting from Delhi and to Afghanistan, the rivers are in this order - Beas, Satluj, Ravi, Chenab and Jhelum. Beas, and Satluj merge into one river retaining the name Satluj at Harike near Ferozepur in Punjab, just before crossing the border into West Punjab (Pakistan) and eventually merging into river Indus.

Temperatures range between 5°C in winter to 38°C in summer

 

 

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State of Punjab (Move Mouse on Map for english Version)

Punjab

 

Talking about Borders :- to the north, Himachal Pradesh to the northeast, Chandigarh to the east, Haryana to the south and southeast and Rajasthan to the southwest as well as the Pakistani province of Punjab to the west. The state capital is Chandigarh (the beautiful city), which is administered separately as a Union Territory because it is also the capital of Haryana.The history of Punjab goes back to the times of Indus Valley civilization or the arrival of the Aryans. Lord Rama is also said to have been born at a place called Ghuram, now in Patiala district. Lord Sri Krishna delivered the immortal message of the Gita at Kurukshetra, which was well within the boundary of Punjab till very recently.

 

Taxilla University, a great institution of learning in the past, with scholars like Charak, one of the founder of the Ayurvedic branch of medicine, Kautilya, the author of Arth-Shastra to name a few hailed from this place. Taxilla University is believed to have been situated to the east of the Indus in the modern district of Rawalpindi now in Pakistan.

 

 

  • The language spoken in Punjab is  Punjabi, which is the 10th most spoken language of world
  • and 3rd most popular language of Canada.
  • The land of Punjab is very fertile. It is also known as Golden Harvests.
  • The State Animal is Blackbuck.
  • The State Bird is Northern Goshawk
  • The state tree is Indian Rosewood.
  • The highest no. of cars ownership per 1000 population is Chandigarh with 82 cars/1000 people.
  • The climate of Punjab is diverse, i.e., very cold in winters and very hot in summers.
  • Agriculture is the backbone of Punjab. There are several food based industries. The state is the
  • biggest producer of Wheat in India. There are several other large scale industries.
  • Indian Punjab produces 1% of the world's rice, 2% of its wheat, and 2% of its cotton. In 2001, it was
  • recorded that farmers made up 39% of Indian Punjab's workforce.
  • Major festivals of Punjab are Lohri, Basant, Baisakhi and Teej.
  • Punjab is most safe and prosperous state in India.
  • Sons of Punjab have also contributed to the glorious Indian Army for generations.
  • Big fat Punjabi wedding. If you have never experienced a punjabi wedding then you are missing out the energetic bhangra dance, the best food, alcohol, music and relatives converge for at least a seven day long party.

Punjabi's are known for their hospitality and their lion heart courage throughout the nation.
India is unbeaten in kabaddi, Thanks to our Punjab region.
Kila Raipur Sports Festival, popularly known as the Rural Olympics, is held annually in Kila Raipur (near Ludhiana), in Punjab, India.
Punjab represents about 1.6 percent of the area and 2.39 percent of the population of the country.
In 1947 when India was partitioned, the larger half of Punjab went to Pakistan. In 1966 the Indian
smaller half was further divided into three: Punjab, Haryana and Himachal Pradesh. So the Punjab region consists of the states of Punjab, Haryana,
Himachal Pradesh and eastern Pakistan.

 

 

The rich fertile land of Punjab lured many invaders to come galloping on horse backs, loot, plunder and go back. The Punjab, which then extended from Attock to Delhi, from Shimla hills to the borders of Rajasthan and Sind, faced these intruders bravely .The Punajbis developed into strong and strudy people who coined an appropriate phrase for themselves- ‘Eat, Drink and be Merry’, the rest Ahmed Shah Abdali will carry!

 

 

Punjabi civilization is one of the oldest on earth, with its distinguished language, culture, food, attire, script, folklore, people, etc. Punjabi langauge has its originating source in Sanskrit, i.e. the family of Indo-European group of langauges which includes Persian and Latin. Punjab has always been the land of great saints and warriors. In 450 BC (2450 years ago), Alexander invaded Punjab and conquered the mighty Punjabi king named Porus whose kingdom was on the banks of river Chenab. He did not accept defeat and asked Greek king to show him the same respect as is due to the royal kings. He was restored back to his throne by Alexander. Alexander returned to Greece right before crossing the river Beas, as his forces refused to fight. In his terrain we have a reliable resource that tells us about Punjab 2450 years ago. Not much different from today!!